Live Streaming

Part3 – Installing Nginx with RTMP Module and Streaming RTMP

This part  will be the longest one. I will try to share everything I have done in my setup just in case someone new to this subject might be trying to implement this.

Let me start by saying what I am using in my setup:

Linux Ubuntu 16.0.4 LTS

NginX 1.11.6

Arut’s RTMP Module – Master version


After Ubuntu installed, change the root password.

sudo passwd root


Nginx will listen to 1935 and 80 and maybe 8080 but I will disable my firewall for this lab and check the status.

Sudo ufw disable
Sudo ufw status	


Change the Computer Name

sudo gedit /etc/hostname /etc/hosts

I will also want to install GUI Desktop: I dont know why but after I ran the commands below. I found that ubuntu desktop was not installed. So I re-run apt-get update and apt-get install ubuntu-desktop for the second time and desktop installd with success. After desktop is installed run once more sudo apt-get update to get latest updates for desktop.

Sudo apt-get update 
Sudo apt-get install ubuntu-desktop 
Sudo shutdown –r now


I want to be able to Remote Access on my server

sudo apt-get install dconf-tools

Ctrl+F and search on dconf “remote-access”

remote-access > enabled – uncheck !!!

remote-access > require-encryption – uncheck

remote-access > vnc-password – set the correct password

Just search and type Desktop Sharing set the password and enable remote access again on Ubuntu desktop.

Connect using VNC.


Installing Nginx with RTMP module: 

sudo apt-get update		
sudo apt-get install unzip	


Install necessary tools first by using the command below

sudo apt-get install build-essential libpcre3 libpcre3-dev libssl-dev


Make a working directory,  switch to it and download Nginx.

mkdir ~/working
cd ~/working


Next, get the RTMP module source code from git:


Unpack/unzip them both, and enter the nginx directory:

 tar -zxvf nginx-1.11.6.tar.gz   #Unzip Nginx
 unzip   #Unzip RTMP module
 cd nginx-1.11.6    #Switch to the Nginx directory.


Now we build nginx:

./configure --with-http_ssl_module --add-module=../nginx-rtmp-module-master 
sudo make install 


Install the Nginx init scripts to start nginx at boot.

sudo wget -O /etc/init.d/nginx
sudo chmod +x /etc/init.d/nginx
sudo update-rc.d nginx defaults

Start and stop Nginx to generate configuration files.

sudo service nginx start
sudo service nginx stop


Configure nginx to use RTMP.

sudo nano /usr/local/nginx/conf/nginx.conf

Scroll to the bottom of the configuration file and pasted the following code:

rtmp {
    server {
            listen 1935;
            chunk_size 4096;
            application live {
                    live on;
                    record off;    



Restart Nginx

sudo service nginx restart


We can now test our RTMP stream by using VLC.

Open OBS setting (we mentioned in the previous article) go to Settings. Navigate to Stream Tab and choose type the Streaming Type as “Custom Streaming Server”. In URL field type in rtmp://NginxServerIPAddress/live. In Stream Key field type in “test”. Start VLC, Open a Network Stream and enter in rtmp://NginxIPAddress/live/test as the URL. Now you should be seeing the camera. It looks alright.


iOS devices do not support RTMP and most web-based players such as JW or Flow player require the Flash based version to play RTMP streams but iOS devices can not handle the Flash players. If you want to reach any device and any browsers the most proper solution is HLS. Before we implement HLS we need to install FFMPEG. Our next article explains how to install FFMPEG with Extra Encoding and Decoding Libraries.

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